Java Interview Questions For Freshers

Java Interview Questions For Freshers
Java Interview Questions For Freshers

Java is a programming language developed by Sun Microsystems and C++ language is made from the operating system to run the project with perfection. Java is a high-level programming language that helps in developing software for numerous platforms. If you are interested to learn a programming language, Java Training at FITA Academy is the best place to start your career.


  • It is platform-independent and widely preferred by many users. The API integrations, frameworks, containers, and open source libraries are continuously evolving in Java. The below-mentioned questions and answers are highly important and it is frequently asked Java Interview Questions.

  • Java was first created by James Gosling at Sun Microsystems in 1996.

    1. Inheritance

      Object-oriented

      Encapsulation

      Polymorphism

  • Inheritance is a single class that can enlarge into any other classes so that the codes may be reused and the existing class is called as superclass and it the derived class is called a subclass.

  • Encapsulation is used to preserve the code from other codes.

  • The Object-oriented application is based on creating objects, interacting between the objects and declaring classes.

  • The polymorphism is the one single name and many forms and it is refers to the features of types to act various ways is based on the calling object.

  • In Java, the scope of variables is the method of body which is declared and the region of a program is visible that by its name and also can be used.

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  • Dynamic is originally things, till was not finalized in the execution and which was happening during the runtime so that Java is considered to be a Dynamic.

  • The core Java is the group of libraries which are the fragment of standard java installation. Java Se is referred to as Core java. These are the frequently asked Java Interview Question and Answers.

  • Uses of Java programming is used to create web applications, web services, and standalone programs and also to create the Enterprise applications by using Java EE frameworks.


  • Java is Object Oriented Programming Language

    JavaScript is an Object-Oriented Scripting Language 

     Java code sprint on the browser and virtual machine.

     JavaScript code sprint on the browser.

     Java source code is to compile of byte code before the  JVM will understand and implement it.

     JavaScript code is don’t need to compile  it and it is actually text based.


  • Java 12 is the latest version and it was released on March 19, 2019.


  • WAR

    JAR

     The WAR files stand for the WEb Archive files.

     The JAR files stand for the Java Archive Files

     WAR files is responsible for the storage, Java  Server pages and XML.

     JAR files are integrated to the storage, XML and  the Java Server pages.

     WAR files are used for the Web applications.

     JAR files are easy to handle the Java classes in  a library.


  • When the static method have the requirement to share all the methods or variables between the various objects of a class instead of generating the individual copies for each object.

  • The Object-Oriented Programming System (OOPS) is based on the four important methods or principles.They are:

      Abstraction

      Inheritance

      Encapsulation

      Inheritance

      The various applications of Java concepts is the commonly asked Java Interview questions

  • Looping is used for the programming to implement the proper statement and the block statement.

    1. For Loops

      While Loops

      Do While Loops

  • A constant is declared by using the final keyword and the value may be assigned after the assignment only once , this value can't be changed.

  • Object is an occurence of the class having the instance variables such as object off the state and the behaviour as the method of project and this object is used to create new keyword.


  • object based programming language

    object-oriented programming languages

     Object-based languages doesn’t have the  inbuilt objects.

     Object-oriented programming languages follows the  overall concepts of OOPS.

     Object-based programming language doesn’t follow  all the OOPS concepts.

     Object-based programming languages have the  inbuilt objects.

     Example: C++

     Example: Java


  • The static variable is belongs to the class, that is used to refer to the most common property in all the objects. By using static variable makes your program is more efficient.

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  • This method does not need to generate the object to invite the static methods and to change the static value is variable.

  • The serialization is used when the data wants to transmit over the network and by using serialization the object state is converted into the byte stream.

  • The object is converted into byte stream by serialization in an interface with the serializable name and it is implemented by the class.

  • The serialization is called converting the file into byte stream for the purpose. Here, Serialization is the most frequently asked questions in Java Interview questions for freshers.


  • Serialization

    Deserialization

     The serialization is used for converting the  file into byte stream for the purpose.

     Deserialization is used for the process of opposite  serialization where the objects get back from the byte  stream.

     It is serialized by writing an ObjectOutputStream.

     It is deserialized by reading an ObjectInputStream.


  • Java is platform-independent because the byte code that can run on any system irrespective of its underlying operating system.

  • Wrapper classes are converted the Java into the reference objects. These are referred to as the Wrapper class because it is wrapped in the primitive data types.

  • In Java, the constructor refers to the code of block and it is used to initialize an object. It should have the same name as the class. Two types of constructors

      Default Constructors

      Parameterized Constructors

  • The Path specifies the proper location of .exe files. Java Online Training at FITA Academy lays a proper emphasis on training both the fundamental and advanced concepts of Java under the mentorship of Expert Java professionals from the industry.

  • You may print an array by using the Arrays.toString() also the Array.deep string() methods.

  • In Java, a Singleton may have only one instance and its methods are variables. Singleton class methods are useful for the situations.

  • The Ternary operator is used to make the correct decision in which the value of the variable is based on the Boolean value evaluation.

  • By using Math.random() you may create the random numbers in the value of greater than or equal to 0.1 and less than 1.0. This question is asked basically test your knowledge in Java programming.

  • In Java, the switch statement is executed in no other switch condition matches are default case.

  • Java package is a collection of libraries and the interfaces that are joined together.

  • In Java, the packages are used for the developers to generate the code also the group code for re-use purposes.

  • JDK is Java Development Kit and it is necessary to package the Java programs and also contains the JRE+ development tools.

  • JRE is the Java Runtime Environment. It refers to the runtime environment, Java byte codes may be executed.

  • JVM is the Java Virtual Machine also it is abstract machine. Actually, JVM follows three important notations. They are

      Implementation

      Runtime Instance

      Specification

  • Java is not a 100% object-oriented because it uses for the eight primitive data types like char, Boolean, double these are not the object.

  • They provide easier access control and they contain hidden classes which are not visible to the other outer classes.

  • The arguments may be passed as they call by value Java only encourages the call by value and there is no concept of calling by the reference in Java.

  • The Super Keyword is referred to as the parent class. The Super Keyword carries several uses. They are Super Keyword used to call the Superclass Super Keyword could access the method of superclass which has been hidden by the superclass.

  • In Java, the ClassLoader is the subset of JVM which is responsible for loading the class files, whenever the Java program is implemented and it is first loaded in the class loader.

    1. Bootstrap ClassLoader

      Extension ClassLoader

      System/Application ClassLoader

  • The location of Class path is of byte code.

  • In Java, the string is called immutable because it has the value to assign the string and it can't be changed, a new object is created.

  • The dynamic initialization process is reckoned at the runtime to initialize the changeable and it is the initialization value is variable.

  • When we assign a value of one data type to the different data type then these two data types may not be compatible and needs a conversion. If the Data types are compatible then Java does automatic conversion and does not require casting. These are the commonly asked Java Interview Questions for fresher candidates.

  • The primary difference between an abstract class and interface is that an interface can only possess declaration of public static methods with no concrete implementation while an abstract class can have members with any access specifiers (public, private etc.) with or without concrete implementation.

  • In Java, we can pass an argument to a function only by value and not by reference.

  • Class can have multiple constructors with different parameters. The constructor gets used for object creation based on the arguments passed while creating the objects.

  • Static methods belong to a class and not to individual objects and are resolved at the time of compilation (not at runtime). Even if we try to override the static method, we will not get a compilation error, nor the impact of overriding when running the code.

  • String is not a primitive data type in java. When a string is created in java, it's an object of Java.Lang.String class that gets created. After creation of this string object, all built-in methods of String class can be used on the string object.

  • In java, string objects are called immutable as once value has been assigned to a string, it can't be changed and if changed, a new object is created.

  • Multi-threading is a programming concept to run multiple tasks concurrently within a single program. Threads share the same process stack and running in parallel. It helps in performance improvement of any program.

  • By using Java.Lang.Runnable Interface. Classes implement this interface to enable multi-threading. There is a Run () method in this interface which is implemented. By writing a class that extend Java.Lang.Thread class.

  • Break is used after each case (except the last one) in a switch so that code breaks after the valid case and doesn't flow in the proceeding cases too. If break isn't used after each case, all cases after the valid case also get executed resulting in wrong results.

  • If we want to execute any statements before even the creation of objects at load time of class, we can use a static block of code in the class. Any statements inside this static block of code will get executed once at the time of loading the class even before the creation of objects in the main method.

  • We can use the concept of cloning to create a copy of an object. Using Clone, we create copies with the actual state of an object. Clone () is a method of Clone able interface and hence, Clone able interface needs to be implemented for making object copies.

  • The key benefit of using inheritance is reusability of code as inheritance enables sub-classes to reuse the code of its superclass. Polymorphism (Extensibility) is another great benefit that allows new functionality to be introduced without affecting existing derived classes.

  • Stack and Queue both are used as placeholders for a collection of data. The primary difference between a stack and a queue is that stack is based on the Last in First out (LIFO) principle while a queue is based on FIFO (First in First Out) principle.

  • A thread in Java can be in either of the following states:

      Ready

      Running

      Waiting

  • Run () is a method of Runnable interface that must be implemented by all threads.

  • In Java, each object when created gets a memory space from a heap. When an object is destroyed by a garbage collector, the space allocated to it from the heap is re-allocated to the heap and becomes available for any new objects.

  • An Anonymous class is a class defined without any name in a single line of code using new keyword.

  • In Java, if we define a new class inside a particular block, it's called a local class. Such a class has local scope and isn't usable outside the block where it's defined.

  • Java String pool refers to a collection of Strings which are stored in heap memory. In this, whenever a new object is created, String pool first checks whether the object is already present in the pool or not. If it is present, then the same reference is returned to the variable else new object will be created in the String pool and the respective reference will be returned.

  • A method inside a class is the sequence of statement to perform a specific task. Java Training in Bangalore at FITA Academy helps the students of the Java training program to write and execute the codes successfully under the mentorship of real-time Java professionals.

  • The break and continue statements are the most important keywords are used in the loops.

  • In Java, the double always used to take 8 bytes in the memory and it is a double precision decimal number.

  • In Java, float takes 4 bytes in the memory and it is a single precision decimal number.

  • By using the Math.random () you may easily create the random numbers in the value of greater than or equal to 0.1 and less than 1.0

  • In Java, there are no destructors in the class and it's own garbage collection mechanisms by destroying the objects when it is longer referenced.

  • In Java, the superclass is the Java.lang.Throwable of all the exceptions also all classes are referred from this basic class.

    1. Final methods

      Final variables

      Final class

  • The Garbage collection is defined as the objects are allocated dynamically by using the java handles and new operator and where there are no references to an object exist for a long period.

  • There are two important types of exception. They are

      Checked exceptions

      Unchecked exceptions

  • Error is the system problem and it always used to occur at a run time also must be resolved in the following to proceed further.

    Exception is an input data issue or the wrong logic in the code and it can occur at a compile-time.

  • The Final Block is the code of block which always executes it an exception occurs or not and it follows the try block.

  • To create the thread, follow the two important ways. They are

      Implementing the runnable interface

      Extending the thread class

  • The thread of Daemon threads which does not prevent the JVM from exiting garbage collection for the Daemon thread. These are

  • Starvation is explaining the situation about where the threads are unable to obtain regular access to resources and it is also unable to make progress. These are the commonly asked Interview Questions for Experienced candidates in an Interview.

  • String class is immutable.

  • Linked list is the storing elements within the dual linked list data structure and the array list is also the storing elements within a dynamical array.

  • Array list can develop dynamically and it can hold the fixed number of elements.

  • Set and list both are child interface of the storing interface.

  • It is a platform independent language.

  • It is the collection of related interfaces and classes.

  • The overloading and overriding methods may sound similar but with different properties Overloading increases the readability of the program and overriding provides specific implementation of the method provided by its super class.

  • String Buffer is mutable class which means you may change the content later.

  • String is the immutable class which means you cannot modify the content once you have created.

  • Java Annotation is the tag which symbolizes that the metadata associated with the interface, methods, class. Etc. The annotation doesn't directly influence the operations.

  • The pointers are resistant and slightly careless in their use that may result in memory problems and manage their uses.

  • The hashcode method () turns into the hashcode value and also have the same integer number of two keys are the same.

  • Synchronized helps to lock an object for every resource. The benefit of the synchronized block is smaller in the method.

  • The binding is the process of registering and associating the name for the object that can be used for further, to look up the remote project. Basic Java Interview Questions for freshers and experienced.

  • The various steps to connect to a database in Java are:

      Registering the driver class

      Creating the connection

      Creating the statement

  • JSTL is JSP Standard Tag Library which contains the set of tags for the development process

      Code reusability

      Fast development

Conclusion:

Hope you found the above Java Interview Questions and Answers useful and thus it helps you in your Interview preparation process. Besides, these Interview Q&A in case if you are planning to upskill your knowledge in the Java programming language then you can opt for our Java Training in Chennai at FITA Academy which gives you the complete guidance and mentorship to master the Java programming language under the assistance of Industry Expertise.


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