Getting Started With CCNA Networking - A Beginner's Guide

Getting Started With CCNA Networking - A Beginner's Guide
Getting Started With CCNA Networking - A Beginner's Guide

CCNA Cisco Certified Network Associate certificate is offered by the eminent company Cisco, which delivers proficiency in the fundamentals of networking concepts for a lucrative future. FITA Academy is a top institution that provides extensive CCNA Course in Chennai for those who desire to build a career in networking. There are a few essential subjects and concepts covered by the CCNA certification. In this article, we will be looking at the fundamental topics of Cisco CCNA in cloud networking.

CCNA Basics for Beginners

LAN (Local Area Network)

A LAN is a collection of computers and related devices that are linked together in a single, constrained area. LANs come in different sizes. A business network with hundreds of users and computers in an office or a residential network with just one user are both possible. The local area network is under private ownership. Switches, routers, cables, wireless networking, and other components make up a local area network (LAN), which provides network devices to link with local computers, web servers, and other LANs via wide area networks. It works well for sharing tools like printers, documents, games, and other software. CCNA networking wholly depends on LAN and WAN applications for its connectivity and services.

WAN (Wide Area Network)

A WAN is a collection of interconnected LANs or other networks. It is a system of networks that allows devices from all over the world to communicate and share information. It enables businesses to set up networks that let stakeholders, including staff members, clients, and other stakeholders, cooperate online from anywhere. A WAN is not bound by physical boundaries. It might, however, be restricted to a single state or nation. WANs are often pricey and fast. The biggest public WAN is the Internet.

Network Security

The prevention of the network connection against unwanted access, exploitation, or theft is known as network or Cyber Security. In order for users, apps, devices, and users to work securely, a secure infrastructure must be built. Some of the methods provided by Cisco to ensure network security are

  • Anti-Virus Software
  • Email Security
  • Anti-Malware
  • Network segmentation
  • Firewalls
  • Access control

You can get hands-on training at the Cyber Security Course in Chennai for a detailed understanding of the various security services provided in the cloud. The core components of networking include switches, routers, and wireless access points. They allow devices linked to your network to interact with one another and with networks outside of it, such as the Internet. Different tasks are carried out by CCNA routing and switching, and wireless access points in a network.


Most commercial networks are built around switches. In a building or campus, a switch serves as a controller, linking computers, printers, and hosts to a network.

Switches enable communication between devices on your network and other networks, building a network of shared resources. Switches boost productivity and reduce costs by sharing information and allocating resources. As part of your networking fundamentals, you can pick between on-premises and cloud-managed switches.

You can set up and monitor your local area network (LAN) with a managed on-premises switch, providing you with more precise control over network traffic.

Your network control can be made simpler with a cloud-managed switch. You receive a user-friendly interface, multisite full-stack management, and switch-directly provided automated upgrades. FITA Academy provides the best resources on how to learn about networking by providing practical experience in routers and switches.


Multiple networks are linked together through routers. Additionally, they link the Internet to the computers on those networks. All networked computers can share a single Internet connection thanks to routers, which reduces costs. A router serves as a dispatcher. It examines the data being transmitted across a network, determines the optimal path for the data to take, and then sends the data on its journey.

Routers link your company to the outside world, safeguard data from security risks, and even choose which computers get priority over others. The CCNA Cisco Certification is an essential credential for anyone who works in the networking field. Routers offer extra features to make networking simpler or more secure in addition to those fundamental networking capabilities. You can select a router with a firewall, a virtual private network (VPN), or an Internet Protocol (IP) communications system, for instance, based on your security requirements.

Access Points

Devices can connect wirelessly to the network without using cables through access points. New devices can be quickly connected to a wireless network, and logistics companies can receive flexible support. Your network's access point functions as an amplifier. An access point increases the bandwidth that a router delivers, enabling a network to handle more devices and allowing those devices to connect to the network from a greater distance. However, an access point does more than just increase the Wi-Fi range. To tell you more about what is CCNA course in networking is, it can offer helpful information about the network's devices, offer proactive security, and accomplish a variety of other valuable tasks.

Wireless Networking

Wireless networking is a type of wireless network connection that creates a local area network (LAN) between two or more devices in a constrained space, like a house, lab, campus, or office space. You have three deployment options to select from when building your wireless network: centralised, converged, and cloud-based deployment.

  • Centralised deployment - Centralised deployments are the most popular kind of wireless network system and are usually utilised on campuses when networks and buildings are located close to one another. The wireless network is consolidated throughout this setup, which permits improved wireless capability and simplifies upgrades. The controllers are positioned in one main area and have an on-site basis.
  • Converged deployment - Converged deployments provide stability in wireless and wired connectivity for local campuses and regional offices. In this configuration, wired and wireless are combined on a single network device called an access switch, which serves as both a switch and a wireless controller.
  • Cloud deployment - To control network equipment installed on-premise at several locations, this system employs the cloud. Cisco cloud security devices are necessary for the solution since they offer complete network visibility through their dashboards. Enrol in the CCNA Course in Coimbatore to get a thorough understanding of how the wireless networking process.

OSI Models

The International Organization for Standardization (ISO), a global organisation that sets standards, developed the OSI (Open Systems Interconnection) paradigm. It was intended to serve as a guide for discussing how a communication system works. The OSI model explains how application programs on various computers can communicate across the network medium and offers a framework for developing and putting into use networking protocols and devices. Each of the seven layers in the OSI model, which describes how data moves over a network, describes a unique purpose.

  • Physical – How bits are transferred from one device to another is defined as physical. It describes how to send and receive bits as well as how cables, connectors, and network interface cards are expected to function.
  • Data Link – A packet is enclosed in a frame for the data link. The header and trailer of a frame allow for device communication. A header typically comprises both the origin and destination MAC addresses. The Frame Check Sequence information, which is used to identify transmission issues, is present in a trailer. Two sublayers make up the data link layer:
    • Logical Link Control is used to control traffic and identify errors.
    • Media Access Control, which is used to address hardware and manage access techniques.
  • Networking terms include device addressing, connectivity, and path selection. Using device (logical) addressing, a host on a network can be located (e.g. by its IP address).
  • Large data chunks received from protocols in the higher layer are segmented by transport. Interfaces between two computers are established and terminated in this layer and are used for data recovery and flow control.
  • The term "session" describes how to start and end a session between two systems.
  • The presentation defines data formats. This layer specifies compression and encryption.
  • The application layer most directly impacts the user. It makes it possible for network apps to converse with one another.

TCP/IP Model

The Defense Advance Research Project Agency (DARPA) developed the TCP/IP model as an easily accessible and public networking model in the 1970s. Cisco CCNA provides general recommendations for creating and putting into practice computer protocols, similar to what the OSI model does. The OSI model's Presentation, Session and Application layers are combined into one layer within TCP/IP model. In the TCP/IP paradigm, the Network Access layer also refers to the Physical and Data Link layers. Internet, Network Connectivity, Transport, and Application make up its four layers. 

  • The term "Internet" describes the protocols used for logical packet transmission over a network.
  • The term "network connectivity" refers to the hardware and protocols that must be used to transmit data over a physical network.
  • The term "transport" refers to protocols that specify the degree of transmission service that apps will receive. This layer is in charge of ensuring error-free packet delivery as well as dependable data transmission.
  • Node-to-node service channels are defined by the term "application," which also refers to the software that supports computer-based application software.

Routing Loops

Broadcast messages are used by the distance-vector routing protocol to advertise and investigate network pathways. For each of its active interfaces, a router using a distance-vector routing system regularly delivers transmissions. The whole routing information of the device is included in this broadcast data. While only a few other routers use the same distance-vector routing protocol as you accept those broadcast messages, you can get different routes from the enhanced routing record and add them to your routing database. Following this procedure, the entire networking routes are studied by all routers using the same distance-vector routing mechanism.


This article gives a brief overview of the various concepts in CCNA such as routing and switching basics, network security, OSI Models and IP models, and LAN/WAN. Candidates should learn the principles of CCNA certification and get ready to work with the newest network technology. It is applicable to all levels of engineers, including network operators, network engineers, and other networking professionals. To get a better understanding of the various networking concepts, enrol on FITA Academy’s CCNA Course in Bangalore to become certified users.

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